Do you wake up in the morning and wonder if you don’t see the day as well as you used to? Perhaps you go about your day looking at people’s hazy faces and wonder if it was always like this. Chances are, you could have cataracts that have slowly contributed to clouding your eyes and vision. Cataracts are a common condition, especially in people over the age of 60. We can help diagnose cataracts to help you see better. Keep reading to learn more about cataracts and what we can do to help you overcome them.
What causes cataracts?
A cataract occurs when the lens of the eye, which sits behind the iris, becomes clouded. You may notice when you look in a loved one’s face, that their eyes look a little more clouded or dull. A loved one might tell you that your eyes look cloudy, too. Neither conversation is a fun one.
The development of cataracts can be influenced by many different factors. Advancing age, trauma to the eyes, radiation exposure, too much sun exposure, disease in the eye, a family history of cataracts, smoking, diabetes, and poor nutrition can all influence the development of cataracts.
No matter the underlying cause of your cataracts, it is important to have the clouded lenses removed and replaced so you can see how you used to. Because cataracts can creep up slowly, you may have had them developing for years. Sometimes it takes a sudden jolt for people to realize just how badly their vision has diminished.
Several tests may be performed by your doctor to diagnose a cataract. These tests include:
- Retinal examination under pupil dilation
- Tonometry to test intraocular pressure (IOP)
- Slit-lamp examination
- Visual acuity test
These tests help your eye doctor determine whether you have cataracts or if the problems you are experiencing are really stemming from another issue. They also help your doctor in evaluating the degree of visual impairment; this can help us determine whether surgery is a good choice for you.
Early developed cataracts can sometimes be treated with nonsurgical methods like getting a new corrective lens prescription, anti-glare sunglasses, incorporating brighter lighting in your home, and even using magnifying glasses to help see better.
Is your vision starting to become cloudy? Please call (701) 235-5200 to schedule a consultation with Dr. Thom.