By affecting more than 10 million Americans each year, macular degeneration shouldn’t be taken lightly. And as the leading cause of vision loss, macular degeneration is an eye condition that is considered to be virtually untreatable. Existing in two forms, wet and dry macular degeneration each come with their unique signs and symptoms. This article will discuss the causes and treatment options available for wet and dry macular degeneration. Read on to learn more.
Dry Macular Degeneration
As the most common form of macular degeneration, dry macular degeneration makes up around 90% of all cases. Caused by fatty particles that build up in the retina, dry macular degeneration causes the macular cells to thin and dry out— ultimately leading to either obscured vision or blindness. Unfortunately, at this time, there is no treatment for this form of macular degeneration. However, by getting frequent eye exams from Dr. Steve Thom, you can help to catch it early on and prevent it from getting any worse.
Wet Macular Degeneration
As previously stated, wet macular degeneration is less common, but the majority of people who suffer from severe vision loss results from this type. Caused by both abnormal blood vessels that form underneath the retina and a leakage of fluids from these vessels, wet macular degeneration can cause severe eye damage. Fortunately, wet macular degeneration is treatable through anti-angiogenesis drugs and treatments, and a new drug called Avastin, the blood vessels in the eyes can be treated, and the leakage can be stopped.
Both wet and dry macular degeneration are serious eye diseases that can result in vision loss. By understanding the two different forms of this disease, you can feel more informed and aware. If you are concerned that you may develop this disease or if you would like to get an eye exam, contact Dr. Steve Thom today. Remember that the sooner you detect macular degeneration, the easier it is to stop it from getting worse.