Glaucoma is an eye disease that affects the optic nerve. As pressure builds within the eye it causes changes to the optic nerve leading to an eventual loss of vision. It is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, especially for older patients. Patients with unmanaged chronic disease such as diabetes are especially prone to the development of glaucoma.
Once vision loss sets in as a result of glaucoma – there is no way to regain sight. However, there are treatments for the disease itself, which can stop the progression of vision loss. These treatments all work to lower the pressure within your eye to relieve the optic nerve. This can be accomplished with eye drops, oral medication, laser treatment or even surgery.
Eye Drops are the most common treatment for glaucoma. Eye drops work to either decrease the amount of fluid the eye makes, or increases the outflow of fluid.
Oral medications are some of the most powerful ways to lower intraocular pressure.
Laser trabeculoplasty is the most common laser used for glaucoma and can be used in the early or middle stages of the disease. Lasers can often decrease or eliminate the need for eye drops.
Surgery is available when medicines and lasers do not control the intraocular pressure. The most common types of glaucoma surgery either enhance the natural passageway for fluid to flow out of the eye or create a new passageway for fluid to flow out of the eye. Sometimes a tube or shunt is used to direct fluid out of the eye.
If you suffer from glaucoma, do not wait to seek treatment. Contact our office to learn more about your options today.