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What types of corneal disease exist and how is the disease treated?

One of the most important areas of the eye is the cornea. The cornea is the tissue located at the front of the eye, directly in the center, and is clear and transparent. This transparency allows for light to come in through the eyes and onto the back wall of the eye known as the retina. The cornea is responsible for providing proper focus of the light that enters the eye. When it is diseased, it may impact a patient’s vision dramatically. Corneal diseases are common but treatable in many cases.

What are the types of corneal disease?

There are different cause and types of corneal disease. With a better understanding as to what can happen with the cornea, patients can educate themselves on the condition and find a way to treat it effectively based on the cause. Some of the causes and types include:

  • Infections – infections may include fungal and bacterial infections
  • Trauma – any injury to the eye may cause corneal disease, including exposure to certain chemicals or abrasions
  • Degenerative corneal disorders – including Fuchs’ dystrophy or lattice corneal dystrophy
  • Certain autoimmune disorders – some of these disorders increase a patient’s risk, especially those who have lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and Wegener’s disease
  • Nutritional deficiencies – patients who are deficient in Vitamin A may be at an increased risk of developing corneal disease
  • Keratoconus – this condition can occur after refractive laser surgery and causes a thinning of the cornea
  • Growths – any growths that develop on the eyes surface, such as pterygium or benign and cancerous growths, may impact the cornea
  • Allergies – this includes atopic and vernal keratoconjunctivitis

What treatments are available?

The treatment for a corneal disease will greatly depend on the type of condition present. With a proper diagnosis, Dr. Steve Thom can offer recommendations for treatment. Treatment options may vary greatly, but often includes certain medications, laser therapies, or even surgery. Our ophthalmologist helps patients make an educated decision as to the treatment for their corneal disease.

Learn more about corneal disease today!

Dr. Steve Thom is an ophthalmologist in the areas of Fargo, ND who proudly offers premiere eye care for new and current patients in his practice. Our team, located at 2601 University Drive S, is here to assist, and can be reached by phone at (701) 235-5200. Dr. Steve Thom and the professionals at Thom Eye and Laser Clinic welcome new and current patients into the practice for the best possible care in the community.

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